Siblings Of Ilm
Taqrib Siblings Of Ilm 1

Taqrib at-Tahzib – Book Review

 Title: Taqrīb at-Tahzīb

Compiler: Hafiz Shihāb ad-Dīn Aḥmad bin ʿAlī bin Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī (d.852 Hijrī)

Publisher: Dar al-Yusr + Dar al-Minhāj

Pages: approx. 800


Order of the “Tahẓībs” as mentioned in Imām Ibn Ḥajar’s “Taqrīb”:

  1. Imām Abd ar-Raḥmān bin Abī Ḥātim ar-Rāzi [240-327] رحمهما الله:
    ‎→ الجرح والتعديل 
  2. Imām Ibn ʿAdī al-Jurjānī [277-365] رحمه الله:
    ‎→ الكامل في ضعفاء الرجال-
  3. ️Imām Abū ʿAbd Allah al-Ḥākim [320-405] رحمه الله:
    ‎→ كتاب مركي الأخبار
  4. ️Imām ʿAbdul Ghanī al-Maqdisī [d.600] رحمه الله:
    → He wrote a book on the narrators of the six canonical books of Ḥadīth called: الكمال في أسماء الرجال
  5. ️Imām Yūsuf bin ʿAbd ar-Raḥmān al-Mizzī [654-742] رحمه الله:
    → Seeing both the significance and delicacy of Imām-Maqdisī’s ‘al-Kamāl’, he based his own book on it, called:  تهذيب الكمال في أسماء الرجال
  6. ️Imām az-Zahabī [673-748] رحمه الله
    ‎→ تهذيب تهذيب الكمال
  7. Thereafter, Imām Ṣafī ad-Dīn al-Khazrajī came and wrote an abridged version of Imām Zahabī’s ‘Tazhīb’ called: خلاصة تذهيب تذهيب الكمال
  8. ️Imām ʿAlā ad-Dīn Mughaltā’ī [689-762] رحمه الله:
    ‎→ إكمال تذهيب الكمال: which was abridged into 2 volumes, and then later into one volume only.
  9. Imām Ḥāfiz Ibn al-Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī [773-852] رحمه الله:
    → He summarized and combined al-Mizzi’s and Mughaltā’ī’s books, and made further additions from himself in his book: تهذيب التهذيبكما في مقدمة كتابه: “لو لم يكن في هذا المختصر إلا الجمع بين هذين الكتابين في حجم لطيف لكان معنى مقصودا”
    He finished compiling the ‘Tahzīb’ in the year 807 Hijrī.
  10.  ‎️تقريب التذهيب 
    → Ḥāfiz Ibn al-Ḥajar thereafter wrote an abridged version of his ‘Tazhībut Tahzīb’which was ‘Taqrībut Tahzīb’ and finished its compilation in the year 827 Hijrī.

Excluding the introduction (115 pgs.), the total number of pages equal to 672 – which is divided into 2 main sections:

1st: Male Narrators

2nd: Female Narrators

[Pgs. 115 – 645]: باب الرجال

A brief biography of each male narrator ordered alphabetically: أ- ب – ت – including:

→ Name

→ Father’s name

→ Narrator’s eponym

→ Soundness; along with the difference of opinion amongst some.

→ Which, of the 12 categories, is the narrator considered to be in. [Note that the 12 categories Ibn Ḥajar (رحه) has mentioned in his Taqrīb are peculiar to him].

→ Specifying the names’ pronunciation

→ Year of death

Ḥāfiẓ Ibn Ḥajar .رحه says:

“فرغتُ منه في ثامن شهر ربيع الأول سنة ست وعشرين وثماني مئة”

[Pgs. 647-708]: باب الكنٰى

→ Narrators’ teknonyms (كنية) listed in the same alphabetical order

→ Who the teknonym belongs to

→ A number to which the reader can refer to in order to read more about the specific narrator.

مثال: أبو حنيفة، النعمان بن ثابت، الإمام المشهور [=٧١٥٣]

[Pgs. 709-725]: باب من نسب إلى أبيه أو أمه، أو جده أو عمّه، ونحو ذلك

The chapter under which names of those narrators are recorded who have been attributed to either their mother, father, grandfather, uncle etc. – alphabetically.

مثال: ابن إدريس الشافعي – هو: محمد [=٥٧١٧

[Page: 726] contains 2 short chapters:

  1. Those narrators regarding whom it’s been said: “The son of so and so’s brother”.
  2. Those narrators regarding whom it’s been said: “The son of so and so’s mother”.

[Pgs. 727-736]:

The chapter that discusses the names of those narrators that have been attributed to villages, countries, professions and similar to the likes of these.

مثال: الفرّاء: إبراهيم بن موسى، وأبو جعفر [=٢٥٩ ، ٨٠٢٠]

[Pgs. 737-748]: باب الألقاب وما أشبهها

The chapter on the titles of narrators.

مثال: الأحمر: جعفر، وأبو خالد [=٩٤٠ ، ٢٥٤٧]

[Pgs. 749-761]: باب المبهمات

The chapter on the identity of those narrators that appear ambiguously in chains.

♦️ If their names are unknown, is the alphabetical order still followed? – Yes, in accordance with the order of those narrators that narrated from them.

[Pgs. 761 – 774]: باب النساء

A brief biography of each female narrator ordered alphabetically: أ- ب- ت – including all the points previously mentioned.

[Pgs. 775 – 780]: الكنٰى من النساء

Teknonyms of female narrators.

مثال: أم أيمن: حاضنة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، يقال اسمها بركة، وهي والدة أسامة بن زيد، ماتت في خلافة عثمان.

[Page: 781]: contains 2 short chapters:

  1. Titles of female narrators
  2. Those female narrators regarding whom it has been said: “The daughter of so (ابنة فلان)

[Pgs. 782-785]:

The chapter on the identity of those female narrators that appear ambiguously in chains according to the order of who has narrated from them, from men, then women.

♦️ [قال المصنف]: ولم يفرد المزي (رحمه الله) هذا الفصل في أصل (التهذيب) فتبعته في (تهذيب التهذيب) ثم أفردته هنا، لتمامالفائدة.

[Pgs. 786-787]: فصل النساء عن النساء

Written and compiled by TheHadithDisciple

Siblings of 'ilm

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

Subscribe to Newsletter

Subscribe to our newsletter and join others who receive ‘Ilm right to their inbox.